Anytime you suspect a POISONING with your pet, this is a pet health emergency. It is important to identify the toxin, contact your veterinarian and start some preventive pet care steps at home.
Your pet is acting unusual. Your pet may be trembling and shaking uncontrollably. He may be vomiting. He may have difficulty walking and stagger when he walks.
There are a number of potential toxins: common household cleaners, such as bleach and drain cleaner; medications, such as Tylenol; car products, such as antifreeze; common mouse poisons (warfarin); a variety of plants; and even the compost in your backyard.
The Top 10 Foods to Avoid Feeding to Your Pet
3.Chocolate (all forms of chocolate)
4.Coffee (all forms of coffee)
7.Moldy or spoiled foods
8.Onions, onion powder
9.Raisins and grapes
Common Household Hazards
1.Blue-green algae in ponds
There are a large number number of toxic plants. The most common signs of a plant poisin are vomiting and diarrhea ( gastrointestinal signs). These can affect other organs, resulting in liver or kidney damage, depending on the plant. The following is a good list to start with.
Common Outdoor Plants
Abrus precatorius "Rosary Pea"
Actea spp. "Baneberry"
Allium spp. Onions, Chives, other related plants
Ampelopsis quinquefolia "Boston Ivy"
Atropa belladonna "Deadly Nightshade"
Aconitum spp. "Monkshood"
Aesculus hippocastanum "Horse Chestnut"
Arisaema triphyllum "Jack-in-the-Pulpit"
Bulb Flowers "Star of Bethlehem" "Tulip" "Hyacinth" "Iris"
Buxus spp. "Boxwood"
Cestrum nocturnum "Night-blooming Jasmine"
Conium maculatum "Poison Hemlock"
Convallaria majalis "Lily of the Valley"
Daphne mezereum "Daphne"
Datura spp. "Jimson Weed" "Thorn Apple"
Descurainia pinnata "Tansy Mustard"
Digitalis purpurea "Foxglove"
Dicentra cucullaria "Dutchman's Breeches"
D. spectabilis "Bleeding Heart"
Ipomoea purpurea "Morning Glory"
Kalmia latifolia "Mountain Laurel"
Laburnum spp. "Locoweed"
Lantana camara "Lantana"
Lathyrus spp. "Sweetpea"
Ligustrum vulgare "Privet"
Lobelia spp. "Indian Tobacco"
Lupinus spp. "Lupine" "Bluebonnet"
Lycopersicon esculentum "Tomato"(only the vine is toxic)
Melia azedarach "Chinaberry"
Mushrooms (all outdoor varieties have potential of being toxic)
Nerium Oleander "Oleander"
Papaver spp. "Poppy"
Parthenocissus quinquefolia "Virginia Creeper"
Physalis spp. "Ground Cherries"
Phytolacca americana "Pokeberry"
Prunus spp. "Wild Cherry" "Wild Peach" "Wild Apricot" "Chokeberry" "Almond" "Black Cherry"
Ranunculus spp. "Buttercup"
Rheum rhaponticium "Rhubarb"(only the leaves are toxic)
Ricinus communis "Castor Bean"
Robinia pseudoacaria "Black Locust"
Sambucus spp. "Elderberry"
Sanguinaria canadensis "Bloodroot"
Solanum spp. "Deadly Nightshades"(including potato vines, green spots, and tubers)
Taxus spp. "Yews"(especially the berries)
Triglochin maritimun "Arrowgrass"
Toxicodendron "Poison Oak" "Poison Ivy"
Urtica spp. "Stinging Nettle"
Veratum viride "False Hellebore"
Celastrus spp. "Bittersweet"
Colchicum autumnale "Autumn Crocus"
Euonymus japonicus "Japanese Euonymus"
Euphorbia milii "Crown of Thorns"
E. pulcherrima "Poinsettia"
Helleborus niger "Christmas Rose"
Ilex spp. "Holly"
Phoradendron spp. "American Mistletoe"
Solanum pseudocapsicum "Jerusalem Cherry"
Common House Plants
Alocasia spp. "Caladiums"
Azalea spp. "Weeping Fig" "Creeping Fig" "Mistletoe Fig" "Rubber Plant"
Dieffenbachia spp. "Dumb Cane"
Hedera helix spp. (many indoor ivies)
Ligustrum spp. "Japonicum'texanum'"
Narcissus spp. "Paperwhites" and other winter forced bulbs
Nicotiana spp. "Ornamental Tobacco"
Rhododendron Ficus spp. "Weeping Fig" "Creeping Fig" "Mistletoe Fig" "Rubber Plant"
When using herbicides or insecticides in or around you home:
Always use pesticides in accordance with label instructions.
Keep pets away from treated areas for the label recommended amount of time.
Store unused products in areas that will always be inaccessible to pets.
Be aware that fly baits containing methomyl and slug and snail baits containing metaldehyde are particularly dangerous.
Keep all prescriptions and over-the-counter drugs out of the reach of your pets, preferably in closed cabinets.
Remind guests to store their medications safely as well.
Pain killers, cold medicines, anti-cancer drugs, antidepressants, vitamins, and diet pills are common examples of human medication that could be potentially lethal even in small dosages. One regular-strength ibuprofen tablet (200mg) can cause stomach ulcers in a 10-pound dog.
Cold Weather Hazards
Antifreeze: If you think your pet has consumed antifreeze, contact your veterinarian right away.
Liquid potpourris: Exposure to some types of liquid potpourris can result in severe oral, dermal and ocular damage.
Ice melting products can be irritating to skin and mouth.
Rat and mouse bait - place these products in areas that are inaccessible to your companion animals.
Christmas Tree Hazards
Christmas tree water may contain fertilizers, which, if ingested, can upset the stomach. Stagnant tree water can be breeding grounds for bacteria, which can also lead to vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea, if ingested.
Electrical cords - Avoid animal exposure to electrical cords. If they are chewed they could electrocute your pet. Cover up or hide electrical cords and never let your pet chew on them.
Ribbons or tinsel can become lodged in the intestines and cause intestinal obstruction. This is a very common situation for kittens!
Batteries contain corrosives, and if ingested they can cause ulceration to the mouth, tongue, and the rest of the gastrointestinal tract. Glass ornaments can cause internal laceration when ingested.
TO YOUR VETERINARIAN. If your pet is showing signs of ingesting a poison, it is important that she is examined by your veterinarian and treated appropriately. Some toxins can progress and lead to severe seizures. If you suspect Antifreeze poisoning, it must be treated within 4-6 hours, before irreversible kidney damage is done.
PURGE THE POISON. In most cases of poisoning, getting your pet to vomit is the most important thing that you can do. DON'T INDUCE VOMITING if something caustic has been consumed (such as drain cleaner or bleach). To induce vomiting, you can give hydrogen peroxide.
NEUTRALIZE THE TOXIN. If a caustic substance has been ingested, DON'T induce vomiting, rather give something to neutralize it. An alkaline toxin such as drain cleaner is neutralized by something acidic such as vinegar. An acidic toxin, such as battery acid, is best neutralized with something alkaline such as Milk of Magnesia.